Jan Cameron, 57
Founder of outdoor-clothing chain Kathmandu and owner of Retail Adventures.
Since 2006 has donated more than $20 million to animal welfare groups, a hospital and child care center in Tasmania (where she lives), research into the cancer that's killing Tasmanian devils and other causes. She donates the roughly $9 million annual profit of her Chickenfeed chain in Tasmania to charity.
Andrew Forrest, 48
Fortescue Metals founder.
Billionaire works to find jobs for Aborigines.
Dame Elisabeth Murdoch, 101
Mother of global media mogul Rupert Murdoch.
A leading supporter of cultural, social, medical and children's causes for more than 75 years, including the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, the Royal Children's Hospital, the National Gallery of Victoria and the Australian Ballet. Supports more than 100 charities each year. In 2008 was one of 5 philanthropists honored in the "Australian Legends" series of postage stamps.
Clive Palmer, 55
Founder and chairman of Mineralogy and Resourcehouse.
In 2008 pledged $100 million to medical research and care in Western Australia, with the focus on indigenous people. The pledge is being funded by royalties from his iron ore projects in the Pilbara region, and the money starts going into health care projects by next year.
Huang Nubo, 46
Chairman of Beijing property developer Zhongkun Group.
In a year of tension and violence in western China made donations to promote stability, including $73,000 to Tibet University for scholarships and activities, and $30,000 to Tibet's Tashihunpo Monastery. Works to advance Chinese culture abroad, giving $100,000 to the East Asia Library at UCLA. In January gave $75,000 to his alma mater, Peking University.
Huang Rulun, 59
Founder of property developer Golden Resources Group.
Topped FORBES CHINA's list of philanthropists last year with $40 million in cash donations; over his career has donated some $311 million, according to his company. Largest targets of his generosity: housing for the elderly in economically backward Yunnan Province, where he also is investing in property. In his home province of Fujian he's funded new buildings worth $34 million for the Fujian Jiangxia Institute.
Jack Ma, 45
Alibaba Group founder.
Aims to help farmers increase crop yields, introduce education reforms and other causes. Last year spearheaded a $5 million Alibaba donation to launch Grameen China and provide microcredit loans in Mongolia and the Sichuan earthquake zone.
Yao Ming, 30
Supports an international cause that's not as popular in China as his play on the court: ending the consumption of shark's fin soup; he was featured in an ad last year for Wildaid. Meantime he's set up the Yao Ming Fund, which helped the Sichuan earthquake victims.
Jackie Chan, 55
Hollywood movie star.
A tireless charity worker, and not just for his Jackie Chan Charitable Foundation and Dragon's Heart Foundation. After singing on "Bring You Home," dedicated to the 8 Chinese peacekeepers who died in the earthquake in Haiti, he donated $730,000 to their families and the un. This follows $1.5 million he gave after the Sichuan earthquake. Charity will get half his assets after he dies.
Jonathan Choi, 52
Chairman of Sunwah Group.
Focuses on education in Hong Kong, China and North America. He and his family have more than a dozen foundations, school buildings and museums in their names at Nanjing and Fudan universities and elsewhere. Gave $5 million to establish the U.S.-China Center for Research on Educational Excellence at Michigan State University. Also awards scholarships to Vietnamese to attend colleges in China.
Fong Yun Wah, 85
Hip Shing Hong Group chair.
Funded 2 buildings at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Still turning up for work regularly, he hears reports from his newspaper-scanning staff about families facing emergency needs and approves offers of support. Recently he gave $30,000 to rebuild a health center in Inner Mongolia and $15,000 to a village in Guangxi.
Peter Gautschi, 83
Ran the Peninsula Hotel.
Building schools with his Studer Trust.
Anu Aga, 67
Director of engineering firm Thermax.
Concentrates on addressing India's "educational inequity." In 2008 she cofounded Teach for India, which recruits graduates and professionals under age 35 to teach for 2 years in low-income schools. Thermax donates 1% of its net profits to charity each year; Aga and her family hold a 62% stake.
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, 56
Chairman and managing director of Biocon.
Contributed $10 million to establish the 1,400-bed Mazumdar-Shaw Cancer Centre in Bangalore. Due to open this year, it will provide free care to poor patients in the evening. She also donates $2 million a year to her Biocon Foundation, which runs a micro health insurance scheme that covers 100,000 villagers. Has also committed $3 million to the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad.
Kiran Nadar, 58
Wife of HCL Technologies cofounder Shiv Nadar.
A collector of contemporary Indian art, she recently opened the Kiran Nadar Museum of Art on the outskirts of New Delhi. It houses 47 paintings and sculptures from her collection and is funded by the Shiv Nadar Foundation. "Indians don't have much of a museum habit," she says. "I'm hoping to inculcate it." She aims to open a bigger venue that's planned for next to the hcl campus.
Rohini Nilekani, 50
Early investor in Infosys Technologies and wife of cofounder Nandan Nilekani.
Has donated $40 million over the years.
Yani Rodyat, 58
Medco Energy vice chairman.
Through family's Yayasan Yusuf Panigoro foundation pays the tuition of 335 underprivileged children and provides them with living expenses and an Islamic faith study group for them and their mothers. Frequently donates to Himmata, which looks after Jakarta's street children and teaches them to be entrepreneurs or organic vegetable farmers. Runs Medco Foundation, which sponsors youth sporting events and offers microfinancing services.
Putera Sampoerna, 62
Former tobacco tycoon.
Started the Sampoerna Foundation in 2001 and pledged $150 million to it. In the past decade it has awarded more than 33,000 scholarships and trained more than 10,000 teachers. With Iowa State University in the U.S., it opened a university in Jakarta last year to train teachers; it provides scholarships to most of the students.
Martha Tilaar, 72
Founder of cosmetic and herbal company Martha Tilaar.
The family's Martha Tilaar Foundation teaches farmers organic farming techniques and advocates the use of natural dyes in the country's signature batik prints. She's been a foster parent for numerous traditional medicinal herbal drink (jamu) vendors for the past 19 years, helping them to introduce new methods and ingredients.
Eka Tjipta Widjaja, 86
Patriarch of Sinar Mas.
His Eka Tjipta Foundation boosts education and environmental conservation in Indonesia. This year it provided 1 million saplings to the government's Billion Tree Campaign. Its Sumatera Quake Schools Rehabilitation program rebuilds schools in parts of Jambi Province. It also helped set up Economics for Life, an entrepreneurship program for students in 25 high schools.
Soichiro Fukutake, 64
Owner of Benesse, leading cram-school operator and correspondence-course seller.
Established the Chichu Art Museum on Naoshima Island in 2004; costs are covered by dividends from a 2% stake in Benesse. Set up an education foundation in 2007 with 2.3% of his company's stock. It promotes education in his home region of Okayama, offering awards and grants worth $1.4 million a year. He also donates $1 million annually to communities affected by depopulation and a weak local economy.
Tetsuro Funai, 83
Founder of consumer electronics supplier Funai Electric.
Established the Funai Foundation for Information Technology in 2001, donating 4.3% of his company's stock. Funding research scientists in Japan, it makes annual awards of up to $33,000 in electronics, robotics and computer science. It also paid for a 500-seat auditorium at Kyoto University.
Akio Nitori, 66
Founder of discount furniture store chain Nitori.
Helps the bankrupt city of Yubari in his native Hokkaido pay for thousands of cherry and maple trees to attract more tourists. Runs an annual $650,000 scholarship fund that places Chinese and other Asian students in Japanese universities. Has given money to survivors of the 2004 Niigata earthquake in Japan, victims of the 2005 Sumatra earthquake in Indonesia and the 2008 temblor in China's Sichuan Province.
Yohei Sasakawa, 71
Son of politician Ryoichi Sasakawa, whom the U.S. arrested (but did not indict) as a suspected war criminal.
Runs the Nippon Foundation, Japan's biggest charity, which his father established in 1962 with profits from motorboat racing. It focuses on fighting leprosy but also donates prosthetic limbs to Vietnam and trains farmers in Africa. At home it refurbishes vacant buildings in depressed regions and donates cars and buses to disabled and elder-care groups.
Ruby Khong, 46
Regional director of China Overseas Petroleum Corp.
Donated $400,000 to the Kechara Soup Kitchen, which she helps run. Delivers 830 packets of vegetarian food a week to urban poor in Kuala Lumpur; also assisting with job placement and other services. She started the kitchen in 2006 with 5 friends.
Ananda Krishnan, 72
Billionaire tycoon with interests in cell phones, entertainment and property.
Concentrates on developing talent through school programs.
Liew Kee Sin, 51
Chief executive of property developer SP Setia.
His SP Setia Foundation, which he began in 2000, pays the school fees and basic essentials for 2,300 children a year. It also provides medical aid to the disabled and poor as well as community enrichment programs. Liew's charitable contributions totaled $100,000 last year.